A dog’s day is filled with behaviors that are repetitive and routine, just as they are in humans. Your pup may bark, chew, spin or chase and never grow tired of doing so. We love when our dogs lick us hello or to clean themselves, but when the licking becomes compulsive, it can interfere with a dog’s daily life. It’s up to us owners to determine if licking has escalated into something more serious.
Below are some reasons why your dog may be licking their paws excessively.
Most of the time, repetitive paw licking is part of a dog’s typical grooming routine. A good rule of thumb is to first try to pinpoint everyday triggers for paw licking. For example, if your dog has just come in from outdoors and settles in to lick her paws for several minutes, she is most likely exhibiting completely normal grooming behaviors -- cleaning her paws the way you might wipe your shoes on a doormat. It’s the dogs who lick endlessly without any external trigger or who lick to the point of self-injury that may need medical or behavioral interventions.
Conditions and Skin Irritations
Constant paw and feet licking can be a symptom of allergic reactions to airborne irritants or to something consumed orally. A condition from too much licking is called lick granuloma and is when the vicious cycle of a dog’s habitual licking causes irritation, often with exposed welts or raw skin where hair has been abrasively removed through licking. It is a neurological condition that is from stress, anxiety or even boredom. Lick granulomas can originate with an allergic reaction or injury that is later resolved or healed, but the licking behavior continues on, sometimes developing into a disorder mirroring obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Your dog’s excessive licking can be caused simply by boredom. Make sure that your dog has plenty of toys and when he or she tries to lick his paws, give him a chew to instead. Your dog also needs to get sufficient daily exercise and he or she will be tired enough not to start the licking. If the licking has already started, to avoid further irritation, make sure to gently wash your pooch’s paws in warm water after walking outside.
A variety of factors, including winter weather and fatty acid deficiencies, can cause dry skin in dogs. Your dog may respond to the discomfort by scratching or licking at her skin or fur.
If your dog’s body is not producing enough thyroid hormone or putting out too much cortisol, superficial skin infections can occur. You may notice small, red spots and your dog may scratch or lick as if bothered by allergies.
When trying to determine why your dog is licking or chewing excessively, be sure to consider the possibility that something is making him physically uncomfortable. For instance, if you notice your dog biting his paw repeatedly, he could have a thorn or sharp stone stuck in his foot pad. Compulsive chewing or licking can also be a response to orthopedic problems, including back pain and hip dysplasia.
As always, if the compulsive licking continues, make sure to consult your veterinarian to make sure it isn’t from a medical condition.
When you decide to adopt a new kitten or two and you are new to the experience, it can be both exciting and nerve-wracking. However, not to worry… kittens and cats are relatively low maintenance pets that need love, the right supplies, and food. And, litter training is relatively easy and a natural for our feline friends. Yet, what you might not be prepared for is the need to kitty-proof your home.
Look around your home and think of what might be potential safety hazards for your kitten or cat. Exposed wires and plugs or opened cabinets where you keep cleaning supplies can be a potential hazard to our cats which they might want to explore.
Designate a room or separate are in your home for your kitten
When you first bring your kitten home, designate a safe or separate room for your kitten to stay. Put your kitty’s food dish, litter box, toys, scratching post and bed in it. This will provide your new kitty or cat a place that does not seem overwhelming from the start. Once your kitten or adult cat has had a chance to get used to other room, it will be time to let him explore the rest of your happily cat-proofed home. It will be less overwhelming for you and your kitty.
Put away breakable items
Put away any breakable treasures that can be accessible to your cat. Remember that kittens and even adult cats can jump onto shelves and counters so put yourself into the mind of the cat, and look around and remove anything you value. You could put it on top of a high dresser or cabinet where your cat does not have access to.
Kittens love to explore your furniture and drapes
Kittens will climb on your furniture and attack your drapes. You might think about covering your cloth furniture with a purchased cover, or even with a blanket or bedspread. Drapes should be confined to off-limit rooms as our kittens love to jump all over them with their claws. Kittens will love to play with the cords from hanging blinds and they can get tangled up in them. Try to anchor the cords firmly or tie them up out of reach.
Electrical and phone cords are harmful and appealing to our kitties
Kittens' insatiable curiosity often leads them to one of the most dangerously tempting objects in the house: electrical cords. Computers are a particular hazard with their numerous cords dangling temptingly. Try to invest in a cord management system or tape the cords together and fasten them out of reach. Do the same with long phone cords. You can also try some non-toxic sprays at pet stores that are a deterrent for your kitties to bite the cords.
Remove any ant or roach or even mouse traps from accessible areas. If your cat will be an indoor-outdoor pet, make sure that your lawn doesn’t have any ant or snail bait. If you have a pesticide service, make sure they use only animal-safe products, and keep your cat indoors on the day they are spraying.
Small items to consider
Rubber bands, paper clips, thumb tacks, even pointy pencils can be harmful to your kitties. Put them away in containers and/or out of reach for your kitty. Think of your kitty as a little infant that wants to get into anything and everything… those tempting or potentially harmful items should be put away.
Even if you miss something, there is always time to see what your kitten finds desirable. But, it is always better to be on the cautious side as our kitties are very curious creatures.
As most cat owners know, our cats can be very independent and like to get their own way. Yet, as we get to know our cats, we find out what their motivations are and/or how they respond to certain situations. Some cats, on their own, are very responsive to their owners’ gestures and voice commands to certain situations. But, can we train our cats and teach them tricks? For most cats, the answer is yes.
Cats only respond to positive reinforcement
Cats should only be taught new behaviors with positive, reward-based training. Punishment and and/or yelling at are cats are not only destructive but not effective. Punishment creates stress, and stress is one of the most common causes for problem behaviors in cats, including eliminating outside of the litter box and compulsive grooming and should never be used under any circumstance.
Use your cat’s favorite treats as a reward
The best reinforcements or rewards you can use for cats are treats as they need something special to motivate them. This means you shouldn’t use kibble, but look for the food and/or treats that your cat really loves. Small pieces of chicken or turkey, low-sodium tuna, meat-flavored baby food and commercial cat treats might be effective, depending on your cat’s individual preferences.
Use treats as a reward to your cat’s correct training response
Try to get your kitty used to receiving rewards in response to specific behaviors. Start with a simple trick like jumping on your lap to show your cat that good things happen during your training sessions. Once your cat jumps on your lap, praise her and give your kitty a treat. Or try another simple trick like having your kitty greet you at the door when you walk inside.
Reinforce the behavior
You need to repeat your training and practice with your kitty. You don’t want to wear your cat out or bore your feline, but you do want your kitty to understand the relationship between a particular reward and behavior as well as the command associated with that behavior. You will, however, want to repeat the routine again the next day and continue it on a regular basis so that your cat doesn’t forget what he’s learned.
Some cats respond to clicker training
It’s important for your cat to be rewarded as soon as she performs the desired action, but it can be difficult for many people to time their rewards precisely with their cat’s behavior. A clicker can help with timing by introducing a sound that tells the cat that what they just did was a good thing. However, if your cat doesn’t respond to the sound of the clicker then try a simple high loving voice as a reward. Cats do recognize a loving voice and a nice rub down as a sign that they did something correct and/or you are happy with them.
You can then move on to other tricks
Once your cat has fully mastered his first trick, move on to others. Using treats, the clicker or whatever motivates your cat the best, you can introduce common tricks like “stay” “give me a kiss” and others. Some cats can even be taught how to walk on a leash or even open a door.
(My cat, Sammy, knows how to open the door).
With time and practice, your cat can be trained to learn new tricks. However, don’t get discouraged if your cat doesn’t respond at first. It takes time, praise, treats and encouragement.
As most dog owners know, leash training looks relatively easy but in reality, it takes some work. Some dogs adjust readily to leash walking, while other dogs need a little more guidance. In fact, it’s very common for a dog to pull on his or her leash as it constrains his or her natural behavior. Some dogs are determined to run around as fast as they possibly can while on a leash, while other dogs want to stop, sniff and urinate on anything and everything in their paths!
Therefore, until you learn how to stop your dog from pulling on his leash, it will be a constant battle for you when your take your dog on his daily walks.
Below are some tips to help:
Take short walks while you train your pup
Until your dog learns to walk without pulling, consider all walk as training sessions. Keep training sessions frequent, short and fun for your dog. As soon as your dog gets the hang of the proper way to walk on a leash, you can then go on longer walks.
Tire your pup out before you take him on a training session
Since loose-leash training sessions will be too short and slow to provide enough exercise, find other ways to exercise your dog until he’s mastered loose-leash walking. In fact, you’ll need to find a way to tire your dog out before taking him on a training walk. Dogs pull, in part, because they’re full of excess energy. So unless you can expend that energy, your dog will find it hard to control himself. Before you train, play fetch or a game to wear him or her out.
Walk at a quick pace. If your dog trots or runs, he or she will have less time to catch a whiff of something enticing and will be less inclined to stop and eliminate every few steps. Additionally, you are far more interesting to your dog when you move quickly.
Take these training walks while your dog is calm
If your dog gets excited before you even start your walk, you need to focus on that first. Walk to the door and pick up the leash. If your dog races around, barks, whines, spins or jumps up, just stand completely still. Do and say absolutely nothing until your dog calms down a bit. As soon as your dog has all paws on the floor, slowly reach toward him or her to clip on the leash. If your dog gets jumpy, you should bring your hands (and the leash) back towards your body.
Wait until your dog has all four paws on the floor again. Then slowly reach toward your dog again to attach her leash. Repeat this until your dog stands in front of you, without jumping up or running around, while you clip on her leash.
Always bring treats and rewards along
Teaching a dog to walk without pulling requires plenty of rewards. Use highly desirable treats that your dog doesn’t get at other times. Soft treats are best so your dog can eat them quickly and continue training, that you can just give one at a time. And, make sure to praise verbally as well with positive affirmations – “Good Boy” – for doing the right thing.
As always, the more you practice these exercises with your dog, the more your pup will get used to this behavior and walk without pulling. Keep consistent, give your dog a lot of praise and in no time, your dog will be walking correctly on his or her leash.
We love our pets and would do anything for them; however, sometimes our little fur kids can get expensive! Of course, we don’t have to put our pets through school or college (like real kids), but the bills, supplies and unforseen expenses can add up.
Below are some tips for keeping down the costs for our furry friends:
Give your dog or cat a regular home check up
Weekly home checkups are a great way to check for potential health problems. Check under your pet’s fur for lumps, bumps, flakes or scabs. Check your pet’s ears and eyes for signs of redness or discharge. Make note of any changes in her eating or drinking habits. If something seems off, call your vet right away.
Learn how to clean your pet’s ears, especially if your dog is prone to ear infections. Your vet can recommend a good, safe cleaner for your pet.
Brush your pet’s teeth regularly with a toothpaste formulated for pets, and check his gums. Dental visits can become costly, so if you can brush your pets’ teeth, it can help with unforseen dental issues.
Keep up with your regular vet visits
Veterinary exams can catch potential health crises early on and can save you a lot of time and money. Some of the unforseen treatmens can includes heartworm treatment, flea and tick control, and a thorough check-up of your pet’s gums, teeth, heart, lungs and internal organs. If it’s been a year or more since your pet has seen a vet, make an appointment soon!
Before subjecting your cat or dog to the general vaccinations, ask your veterinarian which vaccines he or she recommends. For instance, an indoor cat might not need the same vaccinations as an outdoor dog. If you have a good vet, they will be up front about the necessary vaccinations and/or shots.
Spay/Neuter Your Pets
Spaying and neutering your pet will have a dramatic impact on your pet’s health. Spaying and/or neutering can dramatically reduce the potential for breast and ovarian cancer in cats and uterine cancer can almost disappear in most male dogs. It also helps potential behavioral issues in both cats and dogs.
Unforseen accidents or medical conditions can be costly. Pet insurance is one way to take some sting out of the bill. The cost of a typical pet insurance policy runs about $250-$400 per year and many cover both regular and emergency visits. Get a free quote from a reliable insurance carrier and compare the different plans and options.
Buy premium-quality food
If you spend a little more money on a good, healthy dog or cat food, that can help your pet’s overall health. A high quality pet food has less digestible filler material and artificial colors that offer no nutrients and can contribute to allergies and digestive problems. A high-quality, age-appropriate food results in a healthy, slimmer pet!
Choosing a veterinarian
When looking for a reliable, cost-effective veterinarian’s office, check out a few before you settle on one. Ask for recommendations from pet owners you know. Most vets’ offices also offer multi-pet or senior pet discounts. Compare fees and be sure to find out what is covered during a routine visit in each office. Of course, your vet’s fees will depend on where you live, but you can check out a few in your area to get an idea of the costs.
Buy supplies online or in large supply. Keep in mind that it’s wise to get product recommendations from your vet first. Online or store-bought products that you know nothing about could prove to be harmful or of poor quality. You can also get creative and make some home designed toys for your pets. Cats love boxes and grocery bags, while your dog might just love a bone from your butcher.
If you plan ahead and get creative, you can reduce the costs of our furry family members.
Copyright © 2014 www.petpav.com
All Rights Reserved